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HomeLinuxA-Z Commands4 Stat Commands in Linux with Example for Beginner Users

4 Stat Commands in Linux with Example for Beginner Users

A stat command displays information about a file or a file system. With the stat command, you can get information like the file size, its permissions, the IDs of the group and user that have access, and the date and time that the file was created. Another feature of the stat command is that it can also provide information about the file system. When we want to know the information about a file, we should use this tool. So in this blog, you will get to know about the Stat command in Linux with appropriate examples.

Stat Command in Linux


Stat command is useful when you want to know everything about a specific file. The following is the basic syntax for using stat:

stat --options filenames

Here is the list of the information we get after executing the stat command in Linux:

Name Description
File It represents the name of the provided file.
File type It represents the type of file, for e.g., special files, directories, regular files or symbolic links, etc.
ID It shows the file system ID in hexadecimal format.
Birth It shows the time at which the file was created.
Size It shows the size of that particular file (in bytes)
Device It shows the device number (in the hexadecimal format)
Blocks It displays the total number of hard disk blocks used to store the file.
IO Block The size of each allocated block (in bytes)
Modify It shows the last modification-related details.
Context  It shows the stored SELinux security context.
Inode It shows the Inode number of the file.
Change It shows the information about the time when a file’s attribute or content was last altered.
Access It represents all access permissions (in the numeric and symbolic methods)
Links It shows the total number of hard links of the file.

Useful Example of Stat Command in Linux


Now we will explain different examples and usage of stat command in Linux. We will use the Pyload.txt file in the example, which is located in the Documents directory.


Stat command provides brief information about the file, but if you want to see the information about the file system instead of the file, please use the -f option. 

stat -f Pyload.txt

If you don’t use the -f option in the stat, then you will get the result like this: 

stat Pyload.txt

You can use the -t option to print all of the information in the terse format. So here is the command for the terse form:

stat -t ~/Documents/Pyload.txt


Use the -L, (–dereference) option to dereference the symlink and display information about the file to which it points:

stat -L ~/Documents/Pyload.txt

As a default, the stat command in Linux does not follow symlinks. You will get information about the symlink, not the file that it points to, if you run the command on a symlink:

stat  ~/Documents/Pyload.txt

3. Stat Command for Multiple Files


You can use the stat command to get the information about multiple files. Here we are using the following command to get information about Pyload.txt and Ubuntupit.tar files. 

stat Pyload.txt  Ubuntupit.tar

4. Customize the Output of Stat Command


The stat command offers two different options for customizing the output as per your requirements, and these options are: 

-c, (–format=”format”)

–printf=”format”.

The major difference between the above options is that the --format automatically adds a newline after every operand output when you use two or more files as operants.

stat --format='%n' ~/Documents/Pyload.txt

stat --format='%n'\n ~/Documents/Pyload.txt

Using this command, you can view only the type of file:

stat --format="%F" ~/Documents/Pyload.txt

Using custom separators between formatting directives allows you to combine any number of formatting directives. For example:

stat --format="%n,%F" ~/Documents/Pyload.txt

For interpreting the special characters like newline or tab, use the –printf option:

stat --printf='Name: %n\nPermissions: %a\n' ~/Documents/Pyload.txt

You can use the below command to get the specific results:

stat --printf='%U\n%G\n%C\n%z\n' ~/Documents/Pyload.txt

Here:

  1. %U: It shows the username of the owner
  2. %G: It shows the group name of the owner
  3. %C: It shows the context string of SELinux security
  4. %z: It shows the time when the last changes occurred (in the human-readable format).

With the below command, the system shows the different format sequences for the file system:

stat --printf='%n\n%a\n%b\n' ~/Documents/Pyload.txt
  • %n: It shows the name of the file 
  • %a: Prints the free blocks that are available to non-superusers
  • %b: It shows the total data blocks in a file system

If you want to get the complete list of the format directives, then please execute the below command: 

man stat

Finally, Insight


Using the stat command, you can print information about files and file systems. Sometimes it works as a replacement of Stat as it also displays information about given files. So if you want to get more information about the ls command, then please visit our official website.

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