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How to Zip and Unzip Files on Ubuntu Linux: An Ultimate Guide

ZIP is the most popular and effective archive file format. It is compatible across any platform, including Linux, Windows, and other UNIX based operating systems. As it is widely used, you will frequently come across zip files. And you need to know the ways to deal with zip files very well to work with them. If you are a beginner in Linux and don’t know how to zip and unzip files on Ubuntu, this brief and easy tutorial is for you. In this tutorial, I am going to show you all the available ways (both command line and the graphical user interface) to zip and unzip files on Ubuntu Linux.

Zip and Unzip Files on Ubuntu


For this tutorial, we are using Ubuntu 18.04 LTS version. Though the tutorial will work exactly the same for any version of the Ubuntu. For the task, we need to check whether our system has a pre-installed zip. Most of the time, it is installed. If the software is not there, you can install it by the following command. Open the terminal and run the following command:

sudo apt install zip unzip

This command will install the necessary programs for the task.

1. Zip Through the Command Line


Use the zip command to zip files from the terminal. You need to write it in the following way:

zip zipname file1 file2 file3 ... fileN

The parameter zipname is the name of your zipped file. The files are serially written one by one with a single space. You can zip an unlimited number of files. To better understand, look at the below picture.

how_to_zip_unzip_on_ubuntu_1

Here, all three files -samplefile1, samplefile2, and samplefile3 are zipped into the newzip.zip folder. You can also zip folders alongside with files using the following command:

zip zipname file1 file2… fileN folder1 folder2… folderN

The command will be executed in the same way as before. Here, we zipped two files with a folder into the newzip1.zip file.

2. Zip through the GUI


You can zip using the graphical user interface. Linux systems provide an excellent GUI interface for more simple operation. First of all, go to the directory of the files you need to zip. Then select the files with pressing ctrl and right-click the mouse to see the below options. Select compress for this purpose.

how_to_zip_unzip_on_ubuntu_4

After clicking the below window will pop up.

Here you name the file and select the type of compression. There are other formats like .tz,.gz,.rar, etc. For this task, we select the .zip format. You can select the location of the file.

3. Unzip through the Command Line


To unzip a zipped file, go to the target directory. Then you simply need to use the unzip command. See below-

unzip zipname

Here, zipname is the name of your zipped file.

how_to_zip_and_unzip_on_ubuntu_2

Here you will get options like replacing files. This is because we are extracting the zip file into the same folder with the files. You should enter A to extract all if you want to extract the files into another directory. Write the command in the following way:

unzip zipname -d directoryname

Here you should specify the name of a directory following the -d command.

4. Unzip through the GUI


To graphically do this, you should go to the folder where the zipped files are kept. Select the file and do exactly what specified below-

how_to_zip_unzip_on_ubuntu_5

5. Unzip .gz Files


In Linux systems, you find many files are archived in .gz format. In Ubuntu, you can also extract that type of file. Just use the following command-

gunzip filename.gz

gunzip works with other archive formats, including z, .Z, .taz, .tgz, _z, and more. Just put the name of the file after the command, and you will get the file extracted.

6. Unzip .rar Files


To unzip .rar files, you need an unrar package installed on your computer. First, install it with the following command-

sudo apt-get install unar

The given command will unzip .rar files

unrar filename.rar

To extract it to a selected directory use the following-

unar -o ./directoryname filename.rar

7. Unzip .tar.gz Files


The other popular archive file format is .tar.gz. You can unzip them in the terminal too. First, uncompress the .gz file with gunzip command-

gunzip filename.tar.gz

Then write the following command-

tar xvf filename.tar

If your system has GNU tar, you can extract the file directly by a single command-

tar zxvf filename.tar.gz

8. Unzip .7z Files


For unzipping .7z files, you need to install p7zip first in your computer. To do so, execute the given command on the terminal.

sudo apt-get install p7zip-full

This command lists the content of the file-

7z l backup.7z

Now, write the following command to extract the file-

7z e backup.7z

9. Unzip Using Python Script


If you don’t want to install anything to extract files, you can use scripts to do that. Ubuntu’s scripting language Python comes with all the required modules that offer unzipping functionality. The following script can be used in unzipping a zip file.

#!/usr/bin/env python3 
import sys 
from zipfile import PyZipFile 
for zip_file in sys.argv[1:]:
    pzf = PyZipFile(zip_file) 
    pzf.extractall()

Then run the following command to run this script and unzip your files-

python3 pyunzip.py filename.zip

10. Unzip Using Perl Script


Perl is also a scripting language for Linux and offers similar modules like Python above. This simple Perl script will allow you to unzip files. Just put on the following-

#!/usr/bin/env perl 
use Archive::Extract; 
foreach my $filepath (@ARGV){ 
        my $archive = Archive::Extract->new( archive => $filepath ); 
        $archive->extract; 
}

Then write the following command to extract your zip files-

perl perlunzip.pl filename.zip

Final Thoughts


With this, we come to the end of the tutorial. Here we tried to describe every possible way on how to zip and unzip files on Ubuntu. The command-line utility is more useful when you are working with a remote server. The GUI format is simple and accessible for the right context menu to make the windows and macOS users more at home on Linux.

If you don’t want to install anything more to unzip files, you can also write Python or Perl scripts to do the job. We provided the scripts for that task. This is convincing while you are developing something that requires you to embed the unzipping functionality with the environment.

That’s all for the procedure of zipping and unzipping files and folders on Ubuntu. I hope the tutorial is sufficient for learning the whole thing. If I miss anything regarding the issue, please let me know in the comments. Happy Learning!

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