Linux Window managers manage the system windows, which bring up the application. Let us clear it with an example; when you usually start one application, you will get a manager for your window, which usually runs in the background. For the appearance and placement, these are responsible. In this piece of writing, we are going to get the basic ideas of the Top 20 Linux Window Managers that are easy to use yet quite powerful in their work.
Best Linux Window Managers
Do not confuse your Linux window managers with your desktop environment because the desktop manager is something that basically contains windows toolbars, wallpapers, desktop widgets, folders, and icons, and these usually afford you a collection of applications and some libraries so that you can cohesively operate your computer.
The desktop environment has its own manager, where the compositing window manager will let the window be drawn and created separately. Let us know the best Linux Window Managers and their basic features.
The thoroughly documented Linux Window Manager – i3 is entirely configurable. This manager can be configured in any way its user wants, from the placement of opened application to the custom keyboard shortcuts; it is configurable in every way. The plain-text configurations are effortlessly readable, and it does not need any Haskell or LUA.
The switching and managing of floating windows are also easy as they can be toggled with the help of $mod+shift+space. There is no gad in the window, and the development process is sane where bugs are prevented. The user can also use the terminal for getting notifications of the completed actions.
2. Awesome WM
Awesome WM is one of the best Linux window managers that allow you to port the asynchronous XCB library instead of the XLib. Multiples tags are allowed for keeping the workspace organized with the Awesome WM, and it is entirely extensible with the LUA. This can be configured, skinned, and is keyboard-friendly, along with the feature of using shortcuts.
The default configuration of this is developed, and it supports multi workspace. Rearranging and re-sizing panels are also available via the mouse. The user can easily change anything while configuring it.
XMonad is ideal for you if you want to be totally extensible in Haskell. You will not be limited in any pre-programmed action or layout; rather, you will be allowed to program anything into the configuration. The basic settings are easy to modify, and the codes are usually kept clean and safe. This is also light and fast, and you can go with this in any slow system.
This minimal manager will lead you to crash-free experiences. Multi-monitor setups can also be handled by this manager. This is a desktop perfect window manager, and you will get anything you need from the Contrib. modules.
Openbox is very lightweight yet one of the well-known Linux Window Managers for your system. This will only use more or less 100MB of your RAM upon the boot. This is comparably stable, and it affords more bug fixing and more testing behavior.
It is highly configurable and easy to carry out. You can easily edit a few configuration files of this manager, which will also go perfectly with the traditional desktop elements such as the bars, menu buttons, etc.
This Linux window manager is a sector of suckles suite, and it usually can encourage the user to configure and extend it with the help of modifying the code. Basically, this window manager is kept under 2000 SLOC, and this is an exemplar of code that is highly readable and clean. dwm also very lightweight for your system, and the user properly knows the ways of its working. This is simple in design and is a manager of low-resource.
The straightforward configuration of dwm and the functionality and the key binding is incredibly well-thought-out, making it one of the best Linux window managers. There are shortcuts available such as the ALT+TAB.
You can use the paradigm design to help you group the clients or applications that can be pulled into the workspace. It will allow you to get multiple clients and will help you assign and reassign the tags. The status bar of dwm is informative, which shows you the WiFi signal, WiFi strength, volume level, and battery notification.
This Linux window manager works with the client-side decoration of Gtk. This is a uniformly designed manager and is sleek. Gala usually maintains a highly consistent tool as if it follows the design guidelines of the elementary OS.
This is very easy to use for the beginners of Linux who have converted from the OSs’ legacy. Being incredibly configurable, Gala has shortcuts for ease of use. The hot corners of this are helpful for multitasking or any custom commands. The four shortcuts that are super-easy are added with this too.
Animations and fancy effects are also allowed with this Gala. You will get the benefit of dynamic workspace management by adding or removing as per your requirement. Gala is extremely fast and usually works on some limited-resource hardware such as Chromebooks or older netbooks. The stability is also excellent. It’s considered as one of the mentionable Linux window managers for all time.
The impeccably configurable window manager – KWin, can get adjusted with your requirements easily. The compositing manager is integrated, and you can change the way it performs by doing some easy works in the settings.
People these days are moving towards the touch interfaces; this is still of the same DE that can be ideal for desktop users. The interface is excellent and includes an attractive effect for the desktop. The KWin also offers window shadows/glow or wobbly windows.
If you are searching for some best Linux window managers that are ultra-lightweight, then Fluxbox will be one of the best bets for you. On any system, it will work fast. This is easy to operate for the users, and configuration is easier.
It has its panel and also contains a set of wallpaper for making it the best window manager. The menu is simple and is mouse-driven. Right-clicking will help you in pulling up the root menu.
With this Fluxbox, you do not need to know any programming language, and so it makes editing and managing the window straightforward. Including different themes and options for configuration, it also options for automated tiling.
The interface of musca is intuitive. The defaults of this window manager are considered to be simple and easy to understand. This is also very space-efficient. It has zero panels as the window decorations such as the tabs and icons can take up huge screen space; musca avoids this item (installing separate apps can also add these.) The grouping system of this manager is close to the virtual desktops.
The windows are basically placed in different named groups, and these can be very efficient if these are used identically to the virtual desktops. The user can add or remove the groups on the fly as every group will contain its frame layout. It supports multi-screen and can create groups automatically. It can handle the floating windows and contains bordered or highlighted frames.
This Linux window manager has incredible similarities with the Xmonad. It includes the configuration of plain text, which can get reloaded during its running. This will allow the users to see the outcome of their configuration editing without logging out. The defaults are the same, and any user can enjoy the simplicity of this Linux window manager.
It is very straightforward as it includes a basic set of options, and it does not require any kind of language during the configuration. Ideal for beginners and offered with the support of built-in keyboard shortcuts, spectrwm will be the best bet if you are not familiar with Haskell.
It is very easy to understand, and it can be reconfigured while running from the command line. What we mean to say is, if you want to configure herbstluftwm, then you can do it live; you will not be required to boot in and out of your desktop.
The best part of this Linux window manager is that it offers an amazing combination of automatic and manual tiling. Any user can set up auto tiling for each app, or they can any automated tiling application be changed into manual tiling.
The herbstluftwm uses a bash script for configuration, which is straightforward. In different frames, the user can use different layouts, and they can also customize the layouts on the fly according to their own liking. It also provides you the support of multi-monitor, and so you are not usually forced to use one monitor. All these features and simplicity makes it one of the best Linux window managers.
Are you a newbie? If you are, then this is the best Linux window manager for use as it does not require any programming experience from you to configure the environment. With this, the configuration is done through a User Interface, and so if you do not have any coding knowledge or editing experience, even then, you can go for this.
You can get it themed effortlessly according to your liking, and you also get the opportunity to include one optional compositor. Enlightenment affords you virtual desktop previews, which will be within the desktop widget, and it can switch the desktop within its own thumbnails. Mouse-driven menus are very quick, and Enlightenment is very fast and ideal for laptops’ battery life.
JWM is extremely lightweight and can be used as the default manager in Puppy Linux. This is ideal for any older machine also. Menus usually get loaded faster than any other Linux window manager. This is easy to customize and configure. You will not require knowing a programming language to operate this.
14. Window Maker
The design of Window Maker is similar to NeXT’s GUI, and the user will find it fun to work with it. This is very lightweight and elegant. This window manager is extensible with the dock apps also. Bugs will be bashed easily if you are using WindowMaker.
IceWM is one of the lightweight Linux window managers and very small for the system to bear. This app is extremely fast and can be easily operated with the keyboard. You will get keyboard shortcuts for ease of use. This highly configurable manager has so many options for configuration. Incredible themes are afforded with it. It supports multi-monitor also used less of your memory.
People who are beginners in Linux can settle on this manager as it is made for people who have experience in macOS. Pantheon has a modern look with a sleek design. It shows you the dock area that is used and opened most. The application list can easily be restored categorically or alphabetically with it.
The compositing manager of XFWM is integrated, and you can tear the screen easily. This manager has got built-in options so that you can snap the window. It includes incredible theme support, and creating themes is very easy with this manager. You can also select to open windows exactly at the edge or center of your screen. It is desktop-independent and also very lightweight.
Ratpoisom is simple in terms of configuration. It will require you less configuration as it has a straightforward structure. The mouse interaction will be very little if you go for this window manager as it supports keyboards. You will also get the opportunity to use multiple desktops as it supports it. Online documentation is considered to be amazing with Ratpoison.
The cube desktop will deem appealing to the users with this Compiz Manager for your Window. The other options, along with the visual effects of Compiz, are highly interesting. This manager is extensible. It has got plug-ins with which you can alter its behavior by enabling and disabling it. The configuration is easy. The customizing process is also very straightforward.
This window manager has no drawing APIs. The users of Wayland usually get a DRM buffer handle that works as a pointer to the graphics memory. It basically copies the buffers of the client on the screen. Wayland will remove a lot of complex facts and will make the work easy. It basically works by simplifying the graphics stack. This manager will manage the compositing work by itself.
The basic types of Linux window managers consist of stacking, tiling, and compositing. Compositing takes care of the 2D and 3D environments, and the Stacking will let the windows overlap by the drawing background windows. Here, tiling makes sure that another window will cover no window.
We have talked about all the details of the best Linux window managers these days; it is up to you which one you will choose. Before choosing, know your own requirements. And do not forget to share your experiences with us. Do share our reviews with your friends to let them know.
I plan to build a table with touchscreen as tabletop. So you can sit around the table, work on same monitor with several people. If you find something interesting I’m dreaming to take the window, rotate it and move it to the person where I’m working together. Is there any windomanager showing such a feature?
How is bspwm not on this list? Once you take it for a spin it’s very hard to leave
Configurability, visual appeal and highly them able, lightweight, highly extensible rep window manager. Talking of sawfish window manager. Apart from window compositing can compete with any other window manager. I consider it the best. Though low user base but is being actively developed. Surprised it’s not mentioned as it used to be a default gnome window manager before they went minimalistic.
Nice list. I definitely need to try many of them.
I fall in love with i3 three years ago, after struggling with Ubuntu and Unity. It was the fresh air necessary for me to really begin appreciating the command line. i3 is now part of my development environment, and I would have difficulties to do anything without it.
How can I find the setup of Openbox showed in the article?
Search for Arcolinux, there is a version of the distro with openbox, It’s just gorgeous!
I’m also running Xfce/Xfwm and i think it’s definately one of the best Desktop Environments/Window managers. I’m quite stunned Xfce/Xfwm is not part of the list, as it’s one of the most popular ones.
My bad, Xwfm is there … pos 17 …
I spent about 15 hours over two weekends sifting through Linux Desktop Environment reviews, then Linux Windows Manager reviews, and trying a bunch of combinations. Yes, the choices can be dizzying to say the least. I tried to be as objective as possible, but ultimately I know my experience is subjective, because it’s based on my priorities. My priorities, based on having a 10-yr old Dell Inspiron, with a 2.0ghz dual-core processor, and only recently upgrading from 3gb to 6gb of RAM (and I like to have a lot of browser tabs open at once when I’m doing research), were to first-off have a very light setup. Secondly, I wanted a desktop, panel, and menu that looked and operated reasonably well. And lastly, I wanted the menu to be searchable if I didn’t have to give up too much RAM to get it. I had been running LMDE 64-bit for about 4 years and was not happy with it currently booting up needing 605mb of RAM once fully loaded. My goal was to get that cut in half to 300mb, so my boot-up was at 5% of my total RAM.
After partitioning my HD, I loaded 7 DE’s to compare: Manjaro, LMDE, MX, Deepin, Debian, Lubuntu, and Sparky. I had already decided against KDE since it used over 600mb when I tried it out earlier. In descending order, this is how much RAM my computer used after bootup of each one using their standard Windows Managers:
From that list, I decided to narrow it down to the ones under 400mb: MX, Sparky, Lubuntu, and Debian, but after playing around with each, I liked MX’s additional programs and features the best, so although not the absolute lightest, I was willing to give up 60mb for its features.
Next, I loaded a boat-load of Windows managers into the MX distro: i3, Awesome, Xmonad, Lxde, Jwm, Icewm, Fvwm, Dwm, Fluxbox, Lxqt, and Enlightenment. Without going into all the details, I played around with all of them and came up with this conclusion:
1. IceWM — 200mb — Lightest WM with comfortable features and functionality
2. Lxqt — 320mb — Lightest WM with a searchable menu
3. Xfce4 — 380mb — Standard MX WM, and a little smoother and more visually appealing than IceWM and Lxqt.
I have decided to run MX Linux with the standard Xfce4 WM as my main setup, at 380mb. Not quite the 300mb @5% of RAM that I had hoped for, but 380mb @6.3% of RAM is still quite good. If I know I’m going to be opening a lot of programs and will be pushing my RAM into the Swap partition, I know I have Lxqt or IceWM installed and ready to accommodate the situation, and frankly, I’d probably skip Lxqt and just use IceWM if I felt I needed the additional 180mb of available RAM.
Thank you, thank you very much for your review. It helped me a lot
you mix 2 stuff .. being WM and DE …
Let me explain please LxQt, and Xfce are no WM’s but DE’s … (WM = Window Manager / DE = Desktop Environment)…
Xfce DE uses as WM –> xfwm .. this can be replaced by another WM …
LxDE uses OpenBox and LxQt uses Kwin …
So please don’t mix apples and peers 😉
Kind regards, Paul
To whom it may concern:
Don’t forguet wmfs2 https://github.com/xorg62/wmfs It hasn’t had an update in years sadly. But it as good and easy to use and configure as i3, and wmfs2 has even more features than i3.
I agree with you completely. Comparing features to resource consumption ration, this windows. manager is very under rated. WFMS + Pentadactyl = Working at the speed of thought.