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15 Best Blockchain Programming Languages For Blockchain Programmers

If you’re a tech-oriented person like me, chances are you’ve wondered at least once about all those latest fusses regarding blockchain and cryptocurrencies. So, what is this blockchain, and why would you be tempted to learn more about it?

As the name suggests, Blockchain is a chain of blocks connected sequentially using complex cryptographic logic. This technology was implemented first by Satoshi Nakamoto and was first used to implement the popular Bitcoin cryptocurrency.

Blockchain technology is being used heavily in the industry thanks to the high level of security in business transactions. From corporate firms to industrial banks, blockchain developers are sought everywhere equally.

So, wielding this modern-day skill by learning the best blockchain programming language guarantees you an edge over your fellow developers.

Best Blockchain Programming Languages

Our experts curated this guide to help you learn more about the best programming language for blockchain, carefully outlining a generic list of the best blockchain programming languages.

Stay with us throughout today’s guide for in-depth insight into this futuristic list of modern-day blockchain coding languages. We aim to equip you with all the necessary knowledge of the best programming languages for blockchain.

1. C++

C++ retains its superiority even in blockchain technology, the language behind every major technology used in the industry; C++ retains its superiority even in blockchain technology. Bitcoin, the first-ever blockchain implementation, was written initially in this ultra-precise and powerful language.

C++ is the best blockchain programming language for definitive reasons such as its primitive control over memory, advanced multi-threading capabilities, move semantics, and core object-oriented features like runtime polymorphism and function overloading.

The object-oriented feature of this blockchain coding language gives developers the ability to bind the data and the methods intended to manipulate them together, just like how blockchain binds blocks with cryptographic chains.

2. Java

Java is the only language that can challenge the reign of C++ in the industry, and for good reason. Java is in many ways similar to C++ regarding its object-oriented approach and a vast community of third-party applications and platforms.

The main reason to use Java as the de-facto blockchain programming language in the industry is its highly capable portability.

Programs written in Java are portable across any computational device, as they don’t rely on system-specific architecture; instead, they use the universal JVM(Java Virtual Machine) for execution. This makes Java one of the best programming languages for blockchain.

3. Python

If you’re a new developer looking to get your hands dirty in this fantastic world of blockchain development, Python might be the best blockchain programming language for you.

Although blockchains built on top of Python tend to underperform during complex cryptographic operations due to their interpreted nature, Python allows developers to prototype their ideas quickly.

Plus, Python also comes with the ability to write programs in an object-oriented approach, which can be utilized to cope with many of its performance-related overheads.

Additionally, its massive open-source support makes Python the best modern-day blockchain coding language. You can find third-party Python plugins and libraries for almost every problem you encounter when developing your blockchain project.

4. Ruby

Although quite old and tested by the industry, Ruby gained momentum as a blockchain programming language in the last couple of years. Ruby, an interpreted high-level language with object-oriented features like Python, can be a viable blockchain coding language for uncountable reasons.

It allows developers to prototype their vision rapidly using open source third-party APIs and plugins.

The Ruby ecosystem has thrived with loyal contributors since its inception as the de-facto web language starting from the first half of this millennium. It’s especially prevalent among Asian developers, the most substantial fraction of open-source blockchain developers.

5. Solidity

The fastest-growing blockchain programming language, Solidity, was developed with smart contracts in mind. It was primarily designed by the core team of Ethereum, the most popular open source blockchain platform. Solidity solves many of the unique problems veteran blockchain developers face with precise accuracy.

The language is statically typed with syntactical components resembling ECMAScript. It compiles into bytecodes before execution and can change the program’s natural flow with carefully constructed semantic components.

If you want to break into the advanced world of blockchain development, start learning this language right now.

6. Go

The brainchild of Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson, pioneers of modern programming languages, Go is the best blockchain programming language for building hyper-ledger fabric.

The statically typed yet compiled language is on par with the performance level needed by a blockchain coding language. Go comes with every advanced feature you’d need when building your first blockchain: classes and inheritance, generics, annotations, constructors, and exceptions.

Go offers top-notch concurrency support in blockchain applications thanks to its smart implementation of channels and interfaces. So, it’s one of the best programming languages for blockchain when it comes to developing a system that is efficient and lightning-fast.

7. C#

First hailed in high regard only within the boundaries of Microsoft, C# soon gained widespread popularity and established itself as one of the best programming languages for blockchain. It allows open-source developers to create highly portable code that will run across all devices.

The object-oriented feature of this blockchain coding language ensures developers don’t miss out on a single bit of performance when developing their next blockchain. This blockchain programming language is also syntactically identical to C++ and Java.

So, a big community of veteran blockchain programmers can easily interpret C# systems and modify them.

8. JavaScript

The undisputed king of the web, how JavaScript turned back its once unfavorable steep curve in favor of the blockchain developers is a mystery worth solving. Thanks to NodeJs’s innovative inception, developers can build highly capable and creative blockchain applications with JavaScript.

This blockchain programming language has over other languages because it’s already installed on most systems. Every web system utilizes JavaScript in one way or another.

So, when developing your next blockchain with this blockchain coding language, you do not need to worry about integration and concentrate exclusively on the application logic.

9. Simplicity

Simplicity is a new blockchain programming language authored by Russell O’Connor, which hit the industry for the first time in November 2017.

It is a fairly high-level blockchain coding language aimed at reducing complex low-level understanding of the Bitcoin Script, the integrated smart contracts language of the Bitcoin blockchain.

The language is heralded as one of the best blockchain programming languages to write smart contracts by open source developers and professionals. By hiding low-level logical components from developers, Simplicity increases productivity in developers and can aid in a much faster development period.

10. Rust

The newest blockchain programming language on the block currently, Rust, aims to provide open-source developers the capability to build fast and efficient blockchain systems.

We found Rust to be exceptionally good when it comes to CPU-bound tasks. You can use Rust’s functional or imperative approach to develop your blockchain.

It’s one of the best programming languages for blockchain due to its highly capable handling of mutable states. The Rust compiler provides awe-inspiring optimization of your blockchain.

This blockchain coding language’s fast, memory-safe, and exclusively concurrent nature makes it most suitable for developing real-world blockchains.

11. Rholang

One of the best blockchain programming languages to develop smart contracts, Rholang is a new milestone in blockchain development. It’s currently experiencing ongoing growth and intends to solve various blockchain problems using a functional rather than an object-oriented approach.

Rholang applications do not hold data in variables and change them further down the line in C++ and Python. Instead, it evaluates the whole application as a series of functions and solves them sequentially.

This makes Rholang the best blockchain programming language that utilizes the functional programming paradigm and provides a highly capable and elegant approach to blockchain programming.

12. CX

The blockchain programming language of Skycoin, CX, is a full-fledged programming language that can operate as a contractual digital intermediary. It has simple error control features and provides advanced slices, pointers, and arrays for conveniently designing any blockchain.

CX is built originally on top of Go, which saves CX systems from executing arbitrary codes, a significant problem associated with modern business software.

The language integrates very well with OpenGL(Open Graphics Library) and efficiently utilizes the GPU’s power. It’s the latest blockchain programming language you should try if you’re looking to build something new.

13. PHP

Although dimmed is no longer suitable for the modern web, PHP still covers most web systems. It can be utilized to build simple to complex blockchain systems thanks to its object-oriented features and a vast, active open-source community.

If you’re a new programmer looking to get your hands dirty at blockchain coding, PHP might turn out to be the best option for you. A considerable number of PHP developers will guarantee a ready workforce if you develop something highly capable and intend to go corporate.

14. Vyper

A significantly new blockchain programming language, Vyper aims to make writing smart contracts a breeze. It is usually used for the EVM, just like Solidity. However, it differs considerably from Solidity regarding control structures and handling security issues.

Vyper removes many object-oriented functionalities in Solidity, modifiers, recursive calling, and infinite loops. Vyper does so to avoid security issues that arise with their use. If you’re looking for a simple blockchain coding language for writing smart contracts, Vyper is worth a look.

15. Scilla

Another newly-emerged blockchain programming language, Scilla, is maintained by Zilliqa and aims to reduce safety risks and provide formal verification for smart contracts. These formal verifications offer static guarantees of smart contracts before their commission to a blockchain.

Scilla substantially reduces error-prone codes and lowers the need for extensive audibility. The intermediate-level blockchain coding language is compiled into bytecodes and thus is highly portable.

Concluding Words

It is somewhat easy to predict that blockchain technology will continue to revolutionize how data and assets are transferred in modern businesses. It will have a vast impact on big corporations like the banking industry and big pharma corporations shortly, just like it does currently on cryptocurrencies.

Moreover, as industries delve more and more towards this exceptional technology, opportunities will be created for people with high-level skills in a blockchain programming language. We find now is the best time to dedicate yourself to learning the best programming languages for blockchain.

Thanks for staying with us throughout this long post. We hope you gained important insights into your journey with this innovative technology.

Mehedi Hasan
Mehedi Hasan
Mehedi Hasan is a passionate enthusiast for technology. He admires all things tech and loves to help others understand the fundamentals of Linux, servers, networking, and computer security in an understandable way without overwhelming beginners. His articles are carefully crafted with this goal in mind - making complex topics more accessible.


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